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The attitude of proponents of such man made laws makes the reader question the authenticity of the gender roles assigned to men and women.Contrary to the restrictions that women have to undergo, men are as free as birds to realize their pursuits.And there is no gainsaying that the man made honour code is the farcical sword of justice that makes the woman suffer at the hands of this cruel and unjust society.
Like other societies of the world, the Spanish society is also founded on certain tenets and dogmas when it comes to gender roles, class system, religion and familial honour.
Through his powerful language, symbols and imagery, Lorca gives us a crystal clear picture of the Andalusian society that has a rigid and stern mindset on the social and cultural issues.
Pre marital sex for a woman is an anathema in the scrutinizing eyes of the society.
Virginity is considered a possession that can be availed by the husband alone.
The parents have the ultimate authority of marrying their daughters into rich families, irrespective of the consent of the bride. In utter desperation the Bride wishes, she were a man so she could have more options in life. But it will be too late for the society to realize it as the society is prejudiced and biased firmly when it comes to women’s right to freedom and equality.
Lorca lashes upon the hypocrisy of the people when they want the brides to be virgins.The playwright himself had homoerotic propensities towards other men, and it is not surprising that he was made an outcast and later murdered for harboring such passions.He is engulfed by a conflict that surfaces between him and God; as a result of which the reader questions the authority of the church in promoting the suppression of one’s sexuality.When it was the individuals that made the society, who gave society such uncanny power to decide what is good and what is evil for an individual?It appears that the “right to freedom” as declared by the Constitution is nothing but a farce in the eyes of such atavistic societies.Ego and pride engender such conflicts in their minds that will be stretched to eternity given their family feud.Through his work Garcia also makes the reader ponder over the role of the Catholic Church in matters that are highly personal.The novel at large reflects the Andalusian society that is responsible for promoting blood vendetta and honor killings in the name of the societal norms and culture.Lorca shows how the societal pressures cause conflicts between man and society, man and man, and man and god, wherein the society gets the upper hand, notwithstanding the fact that it was the individuals that created the society.Losing the virginity is tantamount to robbing the future husband of his biggest assets.And no doubt the women have to endure everlasting persecution at the hands of men for their temerity.