The Conformity of the Plan to Republican Principles FEDERALIST No. On the Powers of the Convention to Form a Mixed Government Examined and Sustained. It may perhaps be thought superfluous to offer arguments to prove the utility of the UNION, a point, no doubt, deeply engraved on the hearts of the great body of the people in every State, and one, which it may be imagined, has no adversaries.
General View of the Powers Conferred by The Constitution FEDERALIST No. The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered FEDERALIST No. The Same Subject Continued (The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered) FEDERALIST No. Restrictions on the Authority of the Several States FEDERALIST No. The Alleged Danger From the Powers of the Union to the State Governments. In the progress of this discussion I shall endeavor to give a satisfactory answer to all the objections which shall have made their appearance, that may seem to have any claim to your attention.
In the course of the preceding observations, I have had an eye, my fellow-citizens, to putting you upon your guard against all attempts, from whatever quarter, to influence your decision in a matter of the utmost moment to your welfare, by any impressions other than those which may result from the evidence of truth.
History will teach us that the former has been found a much more certain road to the introduction of despotism than the latter, and that of those men who have overturned the liberties of republics, the greatest number have begun their career by paying an obsequious court to the people; commencing demagogues, and ending tyrants.
For in politics, as in religion, it is equally absurd to aim at making proselytes by fire and sword.
Were there not even these inducements to moderation, nothing could be more ill-judged than that intolerant spirit which has, at all times, characterized political parties. I shall not, however, multiply professions on this head. The consciousness of good intentions disdains ambiguity.In framing government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself.The writers of the Federalist were also steeped in classical philosophy and believed that man was mired by passions, self-interest, and habits of vice but also capable of self-control, reason, and habits of virtue. Method of Guarding Against the Encroachments of Any One Department of Government by Appealing to the People Through a Convention. My arguments will be open to all, and may be judged of by all. Periodical Appeals to the People Considered FEDERALIST No. The Structure of the Government Must Furnish the Proper Checks and Balances Between the Different Departments. My motives must remain in the depository of my own breast. An over-scrupulous jealousy of danger to the rights of the people, which is more commonly the fault of the head than of the heart, will be represented as mere pretense and artifice, the stale bait for popularity at the expense of the public good. An enlightened zeal for the energy and efficiency of government will be stigmatized as the offspring of a temper fond of despotic power and hostile to the principles of liberty.They believed that republican ideals of virtue and self-government as well as institutional checks and balances would provide the means for Americans to govern themselves and enjoy their natural rights and liberties.Jefferson, for his part, was in Paris, and more favorably disposed towards the ideals of the radical French Enlightenment and the French Revolution, which believed in the basic goodness of man and the evil of institutions.