A conclusion is so much more, and a lot hinges on how well it is done." But none of the phrases above fully grasp the function of an essay conclusion.
In fact, taking any one of them to be entirely synonymous with an essay conclusion is likely to lead you down the path towards writing bad essay conclusions, or at least missed-opportunity conclusions – conclusions that don’t take full advantage of their place at the end of the essay to fulfil their rhetorical potential.
The fact that it’s acquired something of a bad name over the last hundred years or so doesn’t mean it’s not still the foundation of good writing. Both could make an identical set of arguments with the same supporting evidence and elicit entirely different responses in their readers.
More importantly, your rhetorical skills can make a huge difference to whether your reader actually buys your argument. It’s true that the excessive use of rhetorical flourishes can rub your reader up the wrong way.
"How you phrase, structure, and present arguments in your essay conclusion can make the difference between winning over a sceptical audience and leaving them unmoved – which could easily make a difference to your overall grade." So what does all this have to do with how you conclude an essay?
This can all seem a bit abstract when we’re dealing with essay writing, so let’s try an analogy.And it’s true you’re likely to find all of these somewhere in the conclusion of an essay."Words and phrases like 'recap', 'summary' and 'restatement of your thesis' don't accurately describe what an essay conclusion is.Your audience is a set of moderately well-off individuals who regularly take expensive holidays.But, they’re not sure they can afford to buy a second home in the Caribbean.An essay conclusion needs to use rhetoric to emotionally connect with the reader in some way.And this is done through the use of certain language and the way the information is presented.It could cause them to think your essay is more about style than substance.But the subtler cues – in the way you phrase, structure, and present your arguments – can unquestionably make the difference between winning over a sceptical audience and leaving them unmoved.And you want to do this in much the same way that Martin Luther King would have done with his captivated audience on that memorable day in 1963.Conclusions are among the hardest parts of an essay to write well. You need to leave your reader with the best possible impression of your work.