Types Of Reasoning In Critical Thinking

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Reductive Reasoning is also considered a mixture of deductive & inductive reasoning.

Inductive, because it strives to prove understanding of what is likely to be true.

–an essential quality for success in today’s job market.

That means 40% of the college graduates did not graduate with sufficient reasoning skills to succeed.

The construction/creation of the structure of the model is abduction.

Assigning values (or probability distributions) to the parameters of the model is induction. Critical Thinking Defined: the ability to think clearly, rationally, and with an open-mind.Even more importantly, part of being able to think critically is having evidence to support one’s conclusions. If you’ve ever been around children, you know this is true.The Rule of Reason – The Philosophy of Charles Sanders Peirce " data-medium-file="https://i2com/bookofthrees.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/11/The-Rule-of-Reason-The-Philosophy-of-Charles-Sanders-Peirce.jpeg?fit=225,300&ssl=1" data-large-file="https://i2com/bookofthrees.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/11/The-Rule-of-Reason-The-Philosophy-of-Charles-Sanders-Peirce.jpeg? fit=768,1024&ssl=1" data-lazy-srcset="https://i2com/bookofthrees.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/11/The-Rule-of-Reason-The-Philosophy-of-Charles-Sanders-Peirce.jpeg? w=768&ssl=1 768w, https://i2com/bookofthrees.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/11/The-Rule-of-Reason-The-Philosophy-of-Charles-Sanders-Peirce.jpeg? resize=225,300&ssl=1 225w" data-lazy-sizes="(max-width: 768px) 100vw, 768px" data-lazy-src="https://bookofthrees.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/11/The-Rule-of-Reason-The-Philosophy-of-Charles-Sanders-Peirce.jpeg?It is proving a statement true by reducing to the opposite of it and showing the absurdity of the opposite result.It is logically reasoning to the absurd or reducing to the absurd; hence the name why reductive reasoning is also called (Latin: “reduction to absurdity”).The abductive reasoning example clearly shows that conclusion might seem obvious, however it is purely based on the most plausible reasoning.This type of logical reasoning is mostly used within the field of science and research. a : a statement offered in explanation or justification b : a rational ground or motive c : a sufficient ground of explanation or of logical defense; especially something (as a principle or law) that supports a conclusion or explains a fact d : the thing that makes some fact intelligible : Test your deduction and induction skills here Abductive Reasoning– In laymen’s terms abductive reasoning is an argument to the best explanation.One of the tall tell signs of fallacious reasoning is a logical fallacy.A fallacy is usually an error in reasoning and argumentation often due to a misconception, false premises, or presumptuous conclusions.

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