If you are submitting your dissertation in sections, with the methodology submitted before you actually undertake the research, you should use this section to set out exactly what you plan to do.
The methodology should be linked back to the literature to explain why you are using certain methods, and the academic basis of your choice.
Save how you interpreted the findings for the discussion section].
With this in mind, the page length of your methods section will generally be less than any other section of your paper except the conclusion.
The methodology section of your paper should be thorough but to the point.
Do not provide any background information that does not directly help the reader understand why a particular method was chosen, how the data was gathered or obtained, and how the data was analyzed in relation to the research problem [note: analyzed, not interpreted!It is almost a given that you will encounter problems when collecting or generating your data, or, gaps will exist in existing data or archival materials.Do not ignore these problems or pretend they did not occur. Don't avoid using a quantitative approach to analyzing your research problem just because you fear the idea of applying statistical designs and tests.Remember that you are not writing a how-to guide about a particular method.You should make the assumption that readers possess a basic understanding of how to investigate the research problem on their own and, therefore, you do not have to go into great detail about specific methodological procedures.You should be clear about the academic basis for all the choices of research methods that you have made.'' is not enough; there must be good academic reasons for your choice.Often, documenting how you overcame obstacles can form an interesting part of the methodology. The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. A qualitative approach, such as conducting interviews or content analysis of archival texts, can yield exciting new insights about a research problem, but it should not be undertaken simply because you have a disdain for running a simple regression.It demonstrates to the reader that you can provide a cogent rationale for the decisions you made to minimize the impact of any problems that arose. Institute of Public and International Affairs, University of Utah; Writing the Experimental Report: Methods, Results, and Discussion. A well designed quantitative research study can often be accomplished in very clear and direct ways, whereas, a similar study of a qualitative nature usually requires considerable time to analyze large volumes of data and a tremendous burden to create new paths for analysis where previously no path associated with your research problem had existed.The methods section describes actions to be taken to investigate a research problem and the rationale for the application of specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information applied to understanding the problem, thereby, allowing the reader to critically evaluate a study’s overall validity and reliability.The methodology section of a research paper answers two main questions: How was the data collected or generated? The writing should be direct and precise and always written in the past tense.