Tags: Theory Of Computation Solved ProblemsWrite Personal Statement EssayPolitical Science Research Paper ExampleEnglish Task 3 EssayManagement Team For Business PlanGood Topic For Persuasive Essay
His theory stated that people learn in two different steps, inputting information and processing information. Think of inputting information on a vertical line, one person may prefer concrete examples at the top and abstract concepts at the bottom. Processing information is on a horizontal line with active experimentation on the left and reflective observation on the right. Active Experimentation - (AE) And there is a four-type definition of learning styles: 1.
Good for: First developed in 1981 although has been revised with increasing complexity up until 1997-ish. Involves critically evaluating your assumptions and deep reflection. Reflection on content is shallow, but progresses to reflection on process and reflection on premise which leads to deeper reflection, leading to personal development.
Mezirow states reflection is only helpful if it leads to a transformation in self or learning from a dilemma.
Reflective tools need to be accessible and useful to the user, and to produce meaningful results. However, if applied only at the level of the three core questions, then a full inventory of the situation being reflected upon may not take place, and the insight produced as a consequence might tend to the simplistic or descriptive.
Gibbs' reflective model Gibbs' (1988) model is cyclic and has six principal elements: In this section, you look back on your emotional state and your rational thoughts about the situation or occurrence being reflected upon. How did your emotions and thought alter (if at all) after the situation arose?
When deciding which model to use, it can helpful to find out what learning style you are according to Honey & Mumford.
You can relate these to the knowledge types shown in Carper/Johns’ reflective models.
Below is a rough guide to the different models of reflection out there, and which situations they’re best geared towards.
They are ordered (in my opinion) from the easier ones for the beginner who is trying to break down and evaluate a situation, to the more complex ones that build on the basics and hope to elicit a change in your personal beliefs and challenge your assumptions.
Criticisms are: May be too complicated for a beginner who is new to reflection.
Good for: Organisational model, examines situations in context of the environment.