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He articulated and defended the need in thinking for clarity and precision.
He extended the critical thought of such minds as Copernicus, Galileo, and Kepler.
After Boyle and Newton, it was recognized by those who reflected seriously on the natural world that egocentric views of world must be abandoned in favor of views based entirely on carefully gathered evidence and sound reasoning.
His implicit thesis was that established social systems are in need of radical analysis and critique.
The critical thinking of these Renaissance and post-Renaissance scholars opened the way for the emergence of science and for the development of democracy, human rights, and freedom for thought.
The intellectual roots of critical thinking are as ancient as its etymology, traceable, ultimately, to the teaching practice and vision of Socrates 2,500 years ago who discovered by a method of probing questioning that people could not rationally justify their confident claims to knowledge.
Quotes About Critical Thinking
Confused meanings, inadequate evidence, or self-contradictory beliefs often lurked beneath smooth but largely empty rhetoric.
His book could be considered one of the earliest texts in critical thinking, for his agenda was very much the traditional agenda of critical thinking..
In it, Descartes argued for the need for a special systematic disciplining of the mind to guide it in thinking.
In his book , he argued for the importance of studying the world empirically.
He laid the foundation for modern science with his emphasis on the information-gathering processes.