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For example, the ethical egoist does not believe you should be a scrooge.Most egoists believe you should sometimes help others, but only because it is in your interest.Universal ethical egoism is the idea that everyone ought to seek their own self-interest, not just me.
Ethical Egoists do not believe you should pursue the interests of others as well as your own interests, rather they believe you should only pursue your interests.
An egoist believes that “What makes an action good is that it is good for ME.” It is important to avoid caricatures and straw man versions of ethical egoism.
If it is, it should be able to: A) explain, or be consistent with, your core moral beliefs and, B) help you lead a meaningful and flourishing life.
It should also be based on facts when facts are relevant.
**Some ethical egoists also argue it’s bad because the object of the murderer’s self-interest is bad.
That is, the ethical egoist seems to believe there are good and bad forms of self-interested activity.
If an ethical egoist counters that their “self” includes their grandchildren, notice how the meaning of “self” has been greatly inflated to meet the posterity objection.
If one allows this inflated definition of self, the theory is now closer to utilitarianism than ethical egoism.
As we will see later, this may be a problem for EE. Individual ethical egoism is the idea everyone ought to serve my interests.
An act is good only if it benefits me, and morality dies when I die.