These efforts seek to increase officer familiarity with specific community problems on their beats, foster order maintenance and problem management activities by officers, and enhance relationships between police and citizens.
From the operational perspective, police strategists now attempt to shift away from the reactive approach to crime control that dominated during most of the 20th century.
In response, police began to allocate resources accordingly to become more proactive in their approach.
Contemporary predictive policing is a product of this natural evolution of proactive policing.
The allure of predictive policing to divine and prevent crime may at first glance seem free of potential pitfalls.
Unfortunately, a closer inspection suggests that several ethical dilemmas are present that must be acknowledged and addressed by implementers if the ideals embraced by its architects are to be achieved.
In addition, they were critical of the reactive nature of police work, arguing that police can control crime through more proactive, problem-solving techniques.
Although community policing is difficult to define, most agree that the strategy involves a combination of enhanced partnerships between police and citizens as well as a more proactive approach to solving community problems.
Strategic policing refers to proactive measures that police take to prevent crime, control disorder, improve citizens’ quality of life, and resolve community problems. police departments in the second half of the 19th century, and officers served largely at the discretion of ward politicians.
To achieve these goals, the police employ tactics within a general, community-oriented strategy commonly known as “community policing.” While community policing is the dominant paradigm of policing, police strategies have evolved since the origin of modern police departments in the United States. Officers then provided a variety of community services to the public and generally had an intimate knowledge of the beats they patrolled.