After reading and critically evaluating a manuscript, the reviewer must now convey that evaluation to the journal editors.
In all cases, a respectful and constructive tone should be used.
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To be clear, neither editors nor reviewers need to use a formal checklist when writing a review.
The attached list is a guideline to help both editors and reviewers make sure that the most important aspects of a scientific paper are considered.
As one might expect, the checklist also happens to be a great list of things an author should consider before submitting a manuscript.
It is always good advice for an author to think like a reader, and the first readers will be the editors and reviewers.
Probably the single most common error in student papers, made by novices and experts alike, is the comma splice.
This and other errors are explained in these pages at Grammar Bytes, but in a nutshell a comma splice is joining two complete sentences with a comma, rather than a as required.