Even if Orwell discusses the tribalisms of his time, like political Catholicism, Communism, Trotzskyism and Antisemitism, we could easily find identical group behaviours in our current landscape of opposing thought models - which are at the same time excruciatingly similar, in that they all follow the exact definition Orwell suggests for the psychological profile of nationalist behaviour:-Obsession: seeing the superiority of the chosen power unit in every single aspect of life, no matter how farfetched it may seem to a non-nationalist-Instability: passionate support for a power unit is strong, but transferable, as it is the absolutist state of mind that the nationalist stays loyal to, not a specific object of worship (thus a Communist caneasily become a Trotzskist, while remaining a tribally oriented personality)-Indifference to reality: as there is greater truth in the nationalist idea than in actual evidence, history can be reinterpreted or rewritten according to the need of the moment, without any qualms whatsoever. We have to start by identifying where our own faultlines are. If we manage to see how nationalism or tribalism affects our own thought processes and actions, we might gain understanding of the human need to subordinate oneself to a power unit for better or worse, and we might start being able to change patterns of hate.Do we find ourselves getting frustrated when people criticise our church? That requires a lot of honesty towards oneself, and a lot of patience towards others. Good essay that grabs ones attention on the subject of nationalism.
First of all, the spontaneous giving up of intellectual honesty in order to forward the interest of a faction. Loyalty is involved, and so pity ceases to function." 2) ANTISEMITISM IN BRITAINIn this essay Orwell deals with the widespread - although hidden - antisemitism he witnessed in his home country during the early 40s.
The individual is not even lying in such occasions, since the power of the Group - political, religious, cultural... He quotes some ordinary people's statements about the British Jews, as well as the words of some intellectuals, all of them denying their antisemitic prejudices and yet expressing the most hideous despise toward the Jewish community. "Well, no one could call me antisemitic", says a middle-class woman, "but I do think the way these Jews behave is absolutely stinky.
Three brilliant essays written in 1945: "Notes on Nationalism", "Antisemitism in Britain" and "The Sporting Spirit".
1) NOTES ON NATIONALISMIn case you didn't know, I'm one of those fanatics who want 'Nineteen Eighty-Four' to be added to the New Testament canon (I've already sent a formal request to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. So this short book was a nice surprise: a good introduction to Orwell's prophetic milestone, and kind of a summary of its devastati Three brilliant essays written in 1945: "Notes on Nationalism", "Antisemitism in Britain" and "The Sporting Spirit".
He analysed the principal characteristics of nationalist thought, its various forms and at the same time, advocated for“By nationalism, I mean first of all the habit of assuming that human beings can be classified like insects and that whole blocks of millions and tens of millions of people can be confidently labeled ‘good’ or ‘bad.’”Cutting and classic reflections on nationalism.
He analysed the principal characteristics of nationalist thought, its various forms and at the same time, advocated for the notion of patriotism, the pure and sincere love of one’s country or idea. Universal; reading his thoughts feels like holding a mirror in front of so many countries, including Malaysia. You are amazing at showing the beauty and harsh truth of reality all at once.The point is that "Nearly all the sports practiced today are competitive". #sorrynotsorry At just £1 a book this is a very affordable series, making it a great entryway to modern literature and voices if you're not yet familiar From the moment I first heard about the new Penguin Modern Classics series on the You Tube channel of Jean Bookishthoughts, I've become a little obsessed with this collection of books.Sport is now an industry in which money, prestige and, alas, criminality have wiped away the pleasure of exercising for fun and health - for the sake of exercise. Where I purchased only a handful of the classics from a few years ago, in the days since the launch of the new series I've become the owner of 12 of the 50 titles.Such 'nationalism' can be pro as well as against anything; it can take any conceivable direction and relentlessly change the object of its worship: " What remains constant in the nationalist is his own state of mind: the object of his feelings is changeable, and may be imaginary. Orwell took inspiration from history, not from fantasy... The author also reminds us of an unpleasant truth: we all could give up on our rationality, for whatever reason, on account of whatever party/entity/idea/necessity."The author points out the dangers inherent in any system of thought that is based on the habit of labelling and classifying other human beings in groups. "There is no crime that cannot be condoned when 'our' side commits it.Well now, that is not shocking, but quite depressing.The enemies of specific tribes may have changed, but the lunacy, as Orwell calls it, to see one power unit (the own one, that is, of course) as absolutely, unfailingly good, and all other power units as evil, or at least bad or inferior, still reigns unbeaten on our tiny and overcrowded lunatic asylum planet.The elephant might be in the room - a whole herd of them - and so what? "There is widespread awareness of the prevalence of antisemitic feeling, and unwillingness to admit sharing it." In the most objective way Orwell describes the hypocrisy of a tolerance which is actually a deceiving attempt to conceal a deep-rooted unease toward Jewry.3) THE SPORTING SPIRITThe Moscow Dynamos' 1945 tour was supposed to be part of the shrewd propaganda of those chaotic days.For the power units themselves are effective tools, and they are not likely to support critical and individual thinking outside the tribal menu. Orwell approaches the idea with an unbiased opinion, with the concept of nationalism being more loyal to a philosophy to the point you start to ignore its failings and stop using reason to analyse it in comparison to other ideas.Three key points make up his concept - Positive, Negative and Transferred, and how different types of political ideologies can be nationalistic without representing a nation state.