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(See meter and foot) Setting - the place or location of the action.The setting provides the historical and cultural context for characters. Remember, a poem does not have to have a speaker, and the speaker and the poet are not necessarily one in the same.
Denotation - dictionary definition of a word Diction - word choice that both conveys and emphasizes the meaning or theme of a poem through distinctions in sound, look, rhythm, syllable, letters, and definition Figurative language - the use of words to express meaning beyond the literal meaning of the words themselves Imagery - the author’s attempt to create a mental picture (or reference point) in the mind of the reader.
Remember, though the most immediate forms of imagery are visual, strong and effective imagery can be used to invoke an emotional, sensational (taste, touch, smell etc) or even physical response.
Ask yourself what the function and significance of each character is.
Make this determination based upon the character's history, what the reader is told (and not told), and what other characters say about themselves and others.
Tone - the implied attitude towards the subject of the poem. A poet conveys tone by combining all of the elements listed above to create a precise impression on the reader.
When you read for pleasure, your only goal is enjoyment.
Allegory - narrative form in which the characters are representative of some larger humanistic trait (i.e.
greed, vanity, or bravery) and attempt to convey some larger lesson or meaning to life.
Rather than thinking about the author’s intentions, you can develop an argument based on any single term (or combination of terms) listed below.
You’ll just need to use the original text to defend and explain your argument to the reader.