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To quote the common rabbinic view “had it not been for the evil inclination, no man would build a house or marry a woman or procreate children” (“The Problem of Evil,” 2009).Whether evil comes from God or is the outcome of the flaws in the design of creation, Jewish tradition stresses that the power of freedom granted to humans to create good deeds is something that would repair the world (“The Problem of Evil,” 2009)Islamic Views on Theodicy In the tradition of Islam, a strong emphasis is given on the omnipotence of God or Allah.
Theodicy is identified as the study of the issue of evil’s existence in the world.
It is an argument through which God’s justice is questioned in the context of evil and suffering.
was published six years before his death and has the distinction of being his only book-length philosophical work published during his lifetime.
Leibniz coined the term “theodicy,” which means “vindication of the justice of God.” For Leibniz, a product of the French Enlightenment, the proper way of vindicating the justice and goodness of God in the face of evil was through reason, not faith.
The overarching theme of the is that at least some religious doctrines can be rationally demonstrated and need not be taken as articles of faith.
The problem of evil involves the apparent inconsistency of the existence of a morally perfect and omnipotent God and the existence of evil.If God were morally perfect, it seems that God would want to eliminate all evil, and if God were omnipotent, then it would be within God’s power to eliminate evil.Thus it seems that evil could not exist if God does.The main point is that God, who embraced Israel despite of its flaws, is perfect and perfectly in charge of everything (“The Problem of Evil,” 2009).This can be seen on the passage: “The Lord has made all things for himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of the evil” (Proverbs 16:4 cited in “The Problem of Evil,” 2009) Jewish teaching also points out that whether there are evil powers or not, human nature itself has an evil inclination which an individual is free to resist.For the most part, evil inclination is also viewed as part of God’s creation that in Genesis is contemplated to be very good.However, such entity should not be rejected, likewise assimilated.Jewish Views on Theodicy Prior to the medieval period, the Jewish tradition does not have any systematic accounts that concern evil.The apparent injustices of humans are deemed as either the end result of both the past and foreign sins that will be redressed in the world to come.As God is pure, morally perfect, and good, evil pertains to action that does not adhere to the good nature that reflects God (Jones, 2007).As such, it has been consistently presented in the bible that sin is another definitive term that commonly connotes evil.