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Workers produce goods and services, but final result belongs to the owners of plants and factories.Labor of workers is not paid accordingly and this finally leads to the alienation of their work.
Marx indicates several social classes: the proletariat, the bourgeoisie, the landlords, the farmers and the peasantry and others.
The proletariat is those individuals who sell their labor power, and therefore add value to the products, and who, in the capitalist mode of production, do not own the means of production (Marx, 145).
The peasantry and farmers are a disorganized class, which is unable to change anything. According to Marx the proletariat, which consists of the industrial workers, is the only true productive class, which can develop economy and so rule the country.
The main principles of Marx’ collective works are based on class consciousness, mode of production means of production, ideology, historical materialism, exploitation, political economy and some others.
The bourgeoisie presents the social class, which owns the means of production and so it exploits the proletariat.
The bourgeoisie class could be further divided into the wealthy bourgeoisie and the petit bourgeoisie.In this paper we are going to study the issues of classes’ theory as developed by a famous philosopher Karl Marx and try to apply it to the modern American society.Marxism is a philosophy that was named for Karl Marx, it is also known as scientific socialism.Nowadays the general views on classes in society changed absolutely.For example intellectuals are not considered to be a single class any more, there are rather several classes included.Marx developed the concept of historical materials though he never used this term.Historical materialism is based on the idea, that the development changes of human society are caused by the changes of means to life.In this way workers get less, than their labor costs in reality, and this makes it possible for the capitalist class to gain additional profit.This is the reason why capitalists class becomes richer and working class becomes poorer.He put factors which influenced the society on the economic background and considered them from the economical point of view.Marx used the term political economy in order to explain the conditions, under which capitalist system has been developed.