Inter State Water Disputes Essay

Inter State Water Disputes Essay-45
In 2013, the final order was issued where Andhra Pradesh would get 811 tmcft with the freedom to use 227.5 tmcft of surplus water.

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The Narmada Water Dispute Tribunal was also constituted around the same time as the Krishna and Godavari tribunals. Ramaswami, the tribunal gave its award in December 1976.

Accordingly, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan were allotted 9, 18.25, 0.25, and 0.50 Million Acre-Feet per year (MAF/year).

It was amended in 2002 and a Bill to further amend the Act to create a Disputes Resolution Committee to look at all inter-state water disputes is pending.

Harnessing river water being a State subject, the riparian States are expected to solve issues among themselves.

The tribunal's order was notified three years later.

Thirty years later, the three riparian States decided to review the order.States have been fighting against each other for their 'rightful' share of water since the first reorganisation of States after Independence.An Inter-State River Water Disputes Act was enacted in 1956 to give powers to the Union government to intervene in disputes surrounding inter-state rivers.However, the dispute can be considered settled only when the Cauvery Management Board comes into effect and the three States and the Union Territory amicably share the water among themselves even during stressful times such as a drought.The Cauvery dispute is just one among several inter-state river disputes in India.The Centre intervenes, setting up a tribunal, only when the talks fail.Here's how the tribunals have fared so far: The first-ever Tribunal for a river dispute was formed in 1969 after Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh failed to come up with a formula to share the Krishna water. In 1973, the tribunal allocated 560 tmcft of Krishna water to Maharashtra, the State where the river originates.Odisha too has expressed its reservations over the dam's design.Then, there is also the big question of who will fund the project, as the then UPA government at the Centre claimed Polavaram to be was a "national project" but the current NDA government is pushing for a partial-funding mechanism.The tribunal suggested the setting up of the Krishna Basin Authority to protect the basin, especially after large-scale exploitation of groundwater was detected.Unhappy with the verdict, Andhra Pradesh sought a re-examination.

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