The researcher then will need to select certain themes to report.
This selection is based on what the researcher determines to be the smallest-sized theme of interest for answering the research question (i.e., what is the smallest number of people who gave a response that fits within that theme? The researcher also may choose to highlight themes of particular theoretical interest.
For example, one construct that emerged in my study of Latinas’ perspectives of gender roles was — prioritizing, providing for, and taking care of the family (Castillo, Perez, Castillo, & Ghosheh, 2010; Guzmán, 2011; Heydarian, 2016; Lugo-Steidel & Contreras, 2003).
Codes initially assigned to one theme may be moved to another theme during later stages of the analysis.
The research team will meet again following the second stage of independent coding to consult on the quotes that were not assigned to either the deductive theme or the inductive theme.
After the discussion of possible inductive themes, the primary researcher reviews all of the coding and arrives upon a final codebook.
I examined responses to the question “What it is like to be ‘feminine’ and ‘motherly? The researcher first develops a preliminary codebook — a predetermined set of constructs and their associated definitions and characteristics.
(This codebook will be refined throughout analysis.) This is determined a priori from the existing literature, the proposed research questions, and consultations with experts familiar with the constructs of interest.
This process involves the critical review of responses to determine appropriate coding and the formation of themes from those codes.
Researchers can conduct thematic analyses on the transcriptions of participants’ responses to interview questions, other dialogue, or responses to open-ended questions (Braun & Clarke, 2006; Pope & Mays, 1995).