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However, we might want to add information, for example, that the dog was hungry because he had not been fed for three days, or that after eating he went for a walk. You can spot them because they have more than one verb.
However, it’s useful to have an awareness of some of the key points of grammar, which we shall look at very briefly whilst giving you guidance on sources of further help. The verb is the word that indicates action, or doing, and the subject (noun) does the doing: For more on this topic, see the resources below; the University of Ottawa’s Writing Centre is particularly helpful.
The above sentence structure is known as ‘simple’: it contains just one basic idea, about the dog’s hunger.
Good written communication also means writing in a way that is clear and logical, and with an economy that eschews unnecessary words.
Under the broad heading of style, we shall look at using the paragraph effectively, then at how to write simply and concisely, and finally, bearing in mind how conventions vary according to audience, and what are the distinguishing marks of an academic style. If it is used badly – if too long or short, or if there is a sudden break in sense within or between – then the meaning is obscured.
Words can be divided into different classes according to their functions in the sentence. Punctuation indicates the rhythm of speech – the pauses and their significance.
Its correct use will add a lot to your ability to write clearly.We shall look at the former in this article and the latter in an article How to write more clearly – style.Are you conscious when you write that your sentences are awkward and clumsy, that you sometimes have difficulty in conveying what you mean to say?If so, you may be having difficulty with the basic rules of grammar.In the UK, a whole generation missed out on learning the rules of grammar as educational theorists failed to perceive the link between grammar and the ability to communicate in writing.On the other hand, observation, if structured, can generate detailed quantitative findings.Data, for example, generated via EPo S tracking (a machine-based observational tool) is highly statistical in nature.Indeed, a recent report on writing standards of UK students showed that many had a poor vocabulary, used phrasing and punctuation inconsistently, and were generally unable to form well constructed sentences, let alone structure an argument.In ‘Structuring written work’, we described how a good essay will develop an argument, which means ‘planning in some considerable detail how the essay will flow from one idea to the next; how different theories and arguments from different authors will be introduced; what conclusions will be reached; and how they will be supported by relevant evidence, or deductive reasoning’.Below are some simple rules for good paragraph construction.A well-constructed paragraph should have one major theme, announced in the topic sentence, which subsequent sentences should develop and support.