Gis Research Papers

Gis Research Papers-35
Consequences Assessment Tool Set (CATS) – Analyzing damage to the environment, the exposed population, and provides real-time resource allocation information to mitigate the consequences. Vulnerability to Natural Hazards – Deselecting hazard-prone land for more resilient communities through smart land planning. Search and Rescue – Rescuing missing persons drones using small, highly maneuverable unmanned aerial vehicles (drones). Volcanic Ash – Rendering volcanic ash clouds in 3D for their dispersion of spillages underwater. Earthquake Epicenter/Hypocenter – Establishing the epicenter, hypocenters, faults and lineaments, radius and frequency of earthquakes. Volcano Activity – Monitoring thermal emission from the volcano’s summit in Iceland using Landsat’s Thermal Infrared. Disaster Warning – Alerting citizens before a large-scale earthquake happens with a new generation of inter-operable early warning systems for multiple hazards.(DEWS – Distant Early Warning System for Tsunamis – u Dig) 275.Peer-reviewed articles have been read and evaluated by experts in the field to determine their quality and relevance to the subject they address before being published.

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Geo Event Notification – Avoiding high-crime areas with geofencing when delivering high-valued goods. Extra Penalties – Dishing out extra penalties to criminals if convicted of selling drugs within a specified distance of a school property. Illegal Smuggling – Monitoring cross-border smuggling activity by placing a GPS on a vehicle with a warrant to do so. Fear of Crime – Interviewing individuals for fear of crime using GPS-enabled mobile computing. Geographic Profiling – Using a connected series of crimes to determine the most probabilistic location of a criminal offender or offense – useful for finding serial criminals. Stalking – Abusing GPS technology by stalking with a GPS receiver. Ankle Monitor – Homing in on those under house arrest or parole.

GPS bracelets only have value if you know where they are going. Augmented Reality Sandtable (ARES) – Improving battlespace visualization with projected GIS data on a sandtable. Terrorism Search – Finding Osama Bin Laden using remote sensing imagery with biogeographic theory (distance-decay theory and island biogeography theory). Anti-aircraft – Answering anti-aircraft gun reach using 3D dome layers to avoid dangerous airspace (Anti-aircraft) 216.

Drainage Ditches – Tracing farm field drainage lines using stereo imagery in Micro Images TNTMips. Length of Growing Period – Meeting the full evapotranspiration demands of crops when average temperatures are greater or equal to 5°C and precipitation plus moisture store in the soil exceed half the potential evapotranspiration. Asteroids – Gazing the sky and tracking asteroids with NASA’s bolide events map. Mapping Mars with MOLA – Start mapping a whole entire new planet using NASA’s MOLA. Mars Terrain – Going for a spin on the rugged terrain of Mars using data captured by the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) instrument on the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS). Mars Rover Landing – Examining how to landing the Mars Rover safely with operations criteria including latitude for solar power, soil softness, slopes using laser altimetry, dustiness, rockiness and a landing footprint. Water Flow on Mars – Hillshading the Mars Digital Elevation Model to augment legibility and understand where rivers may have flowed and oceans flourished. Satellite Orbits – Gazing the sky for satellites and even programming satellites for image acquisition. Magnetic Fields – Investigating magnetic field lines in 3D with international geomagnetic field maps. Astrogeology – Delivering planetary mapping to the international science community in public domain – from planetary topology to lunar geology. UFO Sightings – Speculating UFO sightings with proportional symbols with over 90,000 reports dating back to 1905. Light Pollution – Recognizing the artificial light introduced by humans in the night sky and how it interferes with the observation of stars. Mars in Google Earth – Searching for Martian landmarks with Google Earth’s “Live from Mars” layer. International Space Station – Tracking the real-time location of the International Space Station (ISS) in Arc GIS Online Data. Venus – Mapping the altimetry, shaded relief and geology of Venus. Magnetic Declination – Positioning with the magnetic declination, a varying angle from a true geographic north using NOAA National Geophysical Data Center 2015 data and the Magnetic Declination QGIS Plugin. Gravity Anomaly – Understanding our Earth’s gravity by mapping the unusual concentrations of mass in a different regions on Earth. NASA Visible Earth – Cataloging images and animations of our home planet in the electromagnetic spectrum from various sensors. (Arches Heritage Inventory & Management System) 62.

3D Archaeology – Rendering accurate and efficient 3D recordings of archaeological heritage sites, in particular archaeological excavations with aerial imagery and 3D environments. Shovel Test Pits – Logging transects, shovel test pits and other recordings when they visit potential locations to conduct field investigations. Predicting Dinosaur Tracks – Getting the inside track on understanding exactly where dinosaurs once roamed the Earth with vegetation coverage, slope, aspect and proximity to landslides. Line of Sight – Planning high-rise buildings so they don’t obstruct the view of the mountains in Portland using line of sight. Exposure to Noise – Orchestrating urban mobility plans with special consideration for the impact environmental noise using Orbis GIS. Development Planning – Making citizens happy through smart development planning and understanding the bigger picture. Crowd Simulation – Mastering the collective dynamics of interacting objects in urban phenomena at the scale of individual households, people, and units of real estate and at time-scales approaching “real time”. Solar Exposure – Harvesting light to assess the suitability of installing solar (photovoltaic) panels on roofs using 3D city models and geometric information such as the tilt, orientation and area of the roof. City Engine – Assessing feasibility and plan implementation using Esri’s City Engine improving urban planning, architecture, and overall design. Pedestrian Behavior – Discerning the movements of pedestrians and urban behavior throughout through a plaza in Copenhagen. Shadow Analysis – Diagnosing how much shadow will be casted in the pre-construction phase onto its surrounding using Bentley Map. Parking Availability – Orchestrating a parking available by collecting the percent of spaces occupied versus search time. Integration of GIS and BIM – Operating a facility with BIM (building information modeling) because of its ability to analyze information and integrate data from different systems. Tangible Landscape – Experimenting with the potential impact of different building configurations with an easy-to-use 3D sketching tool. Geodesign – Conceptualizing building plans with focus on stakeholder participation and collaboration to closely follow natural systems. Propagation of Noise in Urban Environments – Modelling 3D data to answer how urban citizens are harmed by noise pollution, and how to mitigate it with noise barriers. Space Utilization – Augmenting NASA’s Langley Research Center by applying optimization algorithms to space utilization. Ordnance Survey Geovation – Pioneering location innovation in the United Kingdom through Geovation – the collaboration, exchange of ideas and inspiring innovation. Quantarctica – Familiarizing yourself with Antarctic with the free, open-source source collection of geographical datasets. Exclusive Economic Zones – Carving out boundaries in the Arctic – Canada, Norway, Russia, Denmark (via Greenland) and the United States are limited to their economic adjacent to their coasts while all waters beyond is considered international water. Shipping Route Shortcuts – Transporting goods through the Arctic passage because of melting ice in the North Pole. Sea Ice Motion – Maintaining an inventory of sea ice extents snapshots from NOAA’s National Snow and Ice Data Center. Aspect – Using aspect and incoming solar radiation data to understand how glaciers accumulate on the poleward side. Subglacial Lakes – Mapping lakes under glaciers – isolated from the outside world for up to 35 million years, and may be final refuges for life, the like of which exists nowhere else on Earth. Antarctic Digital Magnetic Anomaly Project (ADMAP) – Uncovering the tectonic evolution using near-surface magnetic anomaly data. Wildlife Tracking – Logging the species richness of marine mammals like whales, seals, walruses and narwhals and seabirds or waterfowl in the Arctic. Sea Ice Index – Bringing together data on Antarctica’s ice sheet surface, thickness and boundary using passive remote sensing. Fish – Showing the probability of occurrence and observations for fish species – from Atlantic cod to Walleye Pollock.

Flight Path – Simulating flight paths integrated with elevation data, imagery and other spatial data using Falcon View. Search for Flight MH370 – Crowd-sourcing the search for flight MH370 with satellite imagery provided by Digital Globe. Airspace Builder – Visualizing the air available to aircraft to fly in with 3D volumes using NASA’s World Wind. Air Traffic Control – Fine-tuning air traffic control with a common operational picture for security vulnerability and land use permitting. Drone No-fly Zones – Delineating drone no-fly zones where it’s illegal to fly such as near airports and military bases. Aeronautical Charts – Scouting out best routes, safe altitudes and navigation aids in the sky with aeronautical charts. Runway Approach Zone Encroachment – Pinpointing obstructions in the approach zone of a runway using detailed elevation data to ensure no collisions FAA Safety Analysis. Airport Sound Exposure – Assessing the relationship between aircraft-generated noise levels and land uses, noise receptors, and demographics in the airport environs. Fly Through – Cruising the high altitudes with interactive 3D viewing and fly-throughs with Landserf. Flight Simulator – Becoming a pilot in the cockpit with three-dimensional perspective views of an area by combined with elevation and imagery. Air Space Review – Automating the dissemination and portrayal of Special Activity Airspace information via OGC Web Services. Toyota Vehicle Crowd Sourcing – Piecing together hyper-precise and up-to-date maps using Toyota vehicle’s GPS and camera. In-Vehicle Usage – Monitoring driving habits like speed, sudden acceleration and pushing hard on the brakes for insurance underwriting. Geo Fencing – Immobilizing cross border travel with geofencing (virtual barriers) – perfect for car sharing and rental programs. Self-Driving Vehicles – Sitting back and relaxing while Google’s autonomous car does all the work equipped with Li DAR, GPS, an inertial unit and sophisticated software. GPS Receivers – Nurturing mapping technology as it’s almost standard to have a GPS receiver and a monitor with all the latest maps. Waze Real-Time Driving – Saving time and money on your commute as drivers share real-time traffic information and road alerts with each other with Waze. Estimated Travel Time – Locking in your destination and getting live updates for estimated travel time. Morgan Freeman’s Voice – Enjoying the calm, soothing voice of Morgan Freeman as he delivers directions from your GPS navigation system. Market Share – Examining branch locations, competitor locations and demographic characteristics to identify areas worthy of expansion or determine market share in Maptitude. ATM Machine – Filling in market and service gaps by understanding where customers, facilities, and competitors are with address locating, database management and query tools. World Bank Economic Statistics – Slicing and dicing raw financial data from the World Bank. Merger and Acquisitions – Profiling and finding opportunities to gain and build where customers are with market profiling 138.

Supply and Demand – Identifying under-served areas and analyzing your competitor’s market. Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) – Fulfilling the obligations to loan in areas with particular attention to low- and moderate-income households – using GIS to understand spatial demographics. Mobile Banking – Capturing locations where existing mobile transaction occur and assisting in mobile security infrastructure. Fleet Management – Staying in route and solving scheduling problems with fleet management. Augmented Reality – Augmenting reality with commercial use in mind – such as advertising and restaurant reviews. Direct Marketing – Revitalizing selling strategies by reaching out to customers directly with locational intelligence. Drive-Time Analysis – Determining a trade area based on how long a customer must drive to get to the store – factoring in street speed limits, traffic volumes, and other impedance. Internet of Things – Improving efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit through a network of physical objects such as devices, vehicles, buildings and other items—embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity that enables these objects to collect and exchange information with one another. Market Share Analysis – Optimizing the locations of facilities so the allocated demand is maximized in the presence of competitors using tools like location-allocation in Arc GIS. Nearest Location – Resolving the nearest gas station, restaurants or coffee shop using GPS-based positioning and geocoded business data. Property Appraisal – Appraising residential properties using Census data and finding your property online through interactive property assessment viewers. Internet Geocoding – Mapping and analyzing user generated geocoded data to get a glimpse of what internet users (in the aggregate) think about particular places. Geocoding Businesses – Pinpointing anything to everything from restaurants, banks and donut shops with a list of addresses. Reverse Geocoding – Geocoding in reverse; taking locations from a map and listing their addresses. Daytime Population – Marketing products effectively with detailed daytime population demographics for an area reflecting who works in that area as opposed to residential demographics. Local Advertising – Advertising through social, local and mobile mediums through location and making presence more known. Tax Havens – Sheltering tax through tax havens then putting it all on a map. Geo Branding – Increasing credibility and increasing sales with prospective clients, vendors and media by conveying complex data to increase sales. Desire Lines – Plotting desire lines showing stores that serves customers.

(Origin and Destination – QGIS Oursins Plugin) 157.

Commercial Establishments – Updating commercial establishment using gv SIG Mobile and a local databases. Supply Chain – Finding which supply chains are vulnerable to better plan for interruptions (Boundless Supply Chain) 159.

GIS can manage both 911 calls and dispatching units to precise locations. Law Enforcement Operations – Allocating and dispatching police officers where it’s needed most by studying crime activities. Unlawful Landlords – Capturing thermal signatures of illegal tenants in sheds because renting out sheds is illegal in London, England. Predictive Policing – Patrolling Mapping clusters of burglaries or other crimes assigning more police in those locations using heat maps or Getis-Ord General G and point patterns. Missing Body Search – Narrowing down the search of a missing by finding subtle terrain anomalies in the ground using Li DAR. Megan’s Law – Obeying the requirement for local law enforcement agencies to notify residents about the presence of certain sex offenders in their area by only contacting a buffered area of the offender’s residence. Forensic GIS – Applying science and geographic information for the investigating of a crime – such as using GPS-recorded information in vehicles to prove the location at the scene of a crime.

(Forensic GIS – The Role of Geospatial Technologies for Investigating Crime and Providing Evidence) 203. First Response – Getting to a crime scene quicker with all the critical information needed in the field. Traffic Violations – Collecting and mapping traffic incident to assess if units should be spread out or concentrated in certain locations. Open Air Drug Markets – Uncovering relationship between crimes and the location of open air drug markets based on analogous crimes throughout other communities 212.


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