Essay On Adivasis

Essay On Adivasis-73
Cette communauté a été confrontée à un manque d’accès général et à une marginalisation, en partie dus à la période du colonialisme britannique, durant laquelle des incompréhensions culturelles liées aux coutumes des communautés et des tribus se sont multipliées.

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Through notably active campaigns, trainings for local people and highlighting cultural conservation, the Adivasi Academy has achieved many positive outcomes namely major policy debates and community's self-reliance.

All these show that cultural parameters can play a key role in development.

The assumption behind these experiments was that economic marginalization of a given community can be much better understood by placing the economic and issues in a comprehensive cultural perspective than by looking at them in purely economic terms.

The empowerment experiments began with the belief that the strategies adopted require to situate the immediate material reality within the residual effects of histories of marginalization or discrimination.

A Modified version of paper published in The Indian International Centre Quarterly, Autumn 2012.

I intend to present in this paper the experiments carried out at the Adivasi Academy, Tejgadh (Gujarat state, India) towards the empowerment of the Rathwa tribal community in western India and some of the nomadic communities such as Vadi and Chamtha by foregrounding the art and culture of the communities as a means to their empowerment.

Este enfoque cultural global podría reproducirse en otros contextos comunitarios para impulsar el desarrollo y luchar contra la exclusión social.

Information about Criminal Tribes Act 1871 is available in the unpublished report by the Technical Advisory Group (TAG) on Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes (2006) appointed by the Ministry of Social Justice, Government of India.

These latter were ‘notified’ as ‘criminal’ during the colonial period (1871 Criminal Tribes Act: Devy, 2007: 14-20; Schwarz, 2010: 9-10), and subsequently ‘denotified’ (1952-56) soon after Independence.

They are now known as ‘Denotified and Nomadic Tribes’ (DNTs).


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