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He reminds the Birlings that actions have consequences and that all people are intertwined in one society.As Goole leaves he warns that "If men will not learn that lesson, then they will be taught it in fire and blood and anguish" – an allusion to the impending war.
At the mention of Eva's alias "Daisy Renton", Gerald starts.
He admits to having met a woman by that name in the Palace Bar, whom he gave money and arranged to see again.
Following dinner, Arthur lectures them on the importance of self-reliance and looking after one's own, and talks of the bright future that awaits them (which, he hopes, will include a place for himself on the honours list).
The evening is interrupted by a man calling himself Inspector Goole, who is investigating the suicide of Eva Smith.
Arthur and Sybil are outraged by Eric's actions, and the evening dissolves into angry recriminations.
Goole's questioning reveals that each member of the family had contributed to Eva's despondency and suicide.
The mysterious "Inspector Goole" claims to have seen Eva Smith's dead body earlier that day, and to have been given "a duty" to investigate her death and the Birlings' involvement in it.
He seems to be familiar with every detail of the case already, interrogating the family solely to reveal their guilt rather than to discover unknown information.
Learning from a second call to the infirmary that no recent cases of suicide have been reported, the family surmise that the Inspector was a fraud and his story fictitious.
Gerald and the elder Birlings celebrate, but the younger Birlings still realise the error of their ways, and promise to change.