Drew University of Medicine and Science in Los Angeles is named, was a brilliant Black physician, famous for his pioneering work in blood preservation. The intervening years were crowded with achievements, learning and sharing his knowledge to benefit mankind.
on June 3, 1904, his life ended in an auto accident just two months before his 46th birthday.
The oldest son of a carpet layer and a teacher, Charles Drew grew up in Washington D. His athletic talents won him a scholarship at Amherst College, where he graduated in 1926.
He dreamed of becoming a doctor and worked as a coach and biology instructor at Morgan University in Baltimore to raise money for medical school after finishing college.
Drew was selected to become full-time Medical Director of the Blood for Britain Project. Andrews Clinical Association in Tuskegee, Alabama, when he was killed in a one-car accident.
In February 1941, he was appointed Director of the first American Red Cross Blood Bank in charge of blood for use by the U. The automobile struck the soft shoulder of the road and overturned. Drew, who was severely injured, was rushed to a nearby hospital in Burlington, North Carolina. At first, the military excluded African American donors, meaning that Drew himself couldn’t donate to his own Blood for Britain initiative.He left the Red Cross in 1941 to become the Chair of Surgery at Howard University, but in 1942, after it was decided that African-Americans could indeed donate blood but that it would be kept separate from that of white donors, Drew had this to say: “I feel that the recent ruling of the United States Army and Navy regarding the refusal of colored blood donors is an indefensible one from any point of view.It was during his time at Columbia that Drew developed his pioneering method to isolate and preserve blood plasma by separating it from the other blood components, allowing scientists to stabilize and freeze it for up to two months.This was a seismic breakthrough in hematology; at the time, there was no refined method to separate blood into components and whole blood’s shelf life was only one week.This program not only provided immediate relief and over 5,000 liters of plasma saline solution to the UK, but also served as a model for what might become necessary if and when the US entered the war.It also introduced mobile blood collections and America’s first bloodmobiles. Drew became discouraged with the racial prejudice he saw in these war efforts.Plasma lasts much longer than whole blood, making it possible to be stored or “banked” for longer periods of time.He discovered that the plasma could be dried and then reconstituted when needed, according to the website.Every two seconds, someone in the United States requires a blood transfusion.And it is in large part thanks to the pioneering research of Dr.