Some pieces were odd, such as one titled The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living, that had a 14 foot shark suspended in a glass case of formaldehyde.
The organizations are within their rights to restrict expression, and members can pack up and leave if they dont like it.
During our own free time, though, we have a greater expectation of free speech in public arenas.
From Moral Issues that Divide Us James Fieser Revised: 9/1/2017 CONTENTS Introduction Background Terminology Special Cases of Censorship What People Think Ethical Issues Three Arguments for Free Speech: Democratic Government, Search for Truth, Autonomy Feinbergs Argument for Censorship: Offense to Others Public Policy Issues Legally Protected Free Speech Legal Limitations of Free Speech Common Arguments Pro and Contra The Conservative Position The Liberal Position A Middle Ground Reading 1: Against Student Speech Codes (by Greg Lukianoff) Study Questions INTRODUCTION Some years ago, a group called the Young British Artists put together a compilation of their works for a traveling exhibit called Sensation.
The collection of conceptual art quickly drew large crowds at the European museums where they were displayed.
Other pieces were not just strange but outright shocking, and a sign posted outside Londons Royal Academy of Arts gave fair warning to visitors that There will be works of art on display in the Sensation exhibition which some people may find distasteful.
When the exhibition was put on display at the Brooklyn Museum of Art in New York City, public controversy erupted, especially over a painting by black British artist Chris Ofili titled The Holy Virgin Mary.Free speech is a value that is universally held throughout the developed world today, and democratic societies see it as the hallmark of a free and open political system.With support as strong as it is for free speech, the burden of proof seems to rest on advocates of censorship to show why a particular idea should be suppressed.These types of non-governmental challenges are legally permissible, but others break the law, such as if one political group steals campaign signs or vandalizes billboard advertisements by its rival political group.From the standpoint of free speech advocates, both governmental censorship and non-governmental challenges are unjustly intrusive and should not be practiced in a free society.Yet it also seems that there should be limits to how far free speech extends, and societies are entitled to protect their value systems from attack.In this chapter we will look at the conflict between free speech and censorship.We usually think of free expression as pertaining to what we do during our non-working hours particularly in a public environment.Within private businesses or clubs and religious institutions, members agree to behavioral codes as a condition of participation.With any kind of self-regulation there is always a governmental threat lurking in the background.If industries cannot successfully regulate themselves, then the government will step in and address the problem with laws, monitoring, and penalties.