A petition to the Inter America Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) for violations caused by nations that disregard this fact is the basis for Katherine Minich’s essay that suggests further the limits of international law for helping to address the problems among the Inuit, but provides a process for asserting self-determination on the basis of their Inuit identities.Sharon Venne asserts we are living in a colonial Canada, not a decolonized neocolonial Canada.
In short, they manipulate the discourses and policies to conceal the consequences of systemic discrimination against Aboriginal peoples.
A second subtheme emerging from this issue on systemic discrimination against Aboriginal peoples is constitutional reconciliation and remedies.
Marie Battiste is Mi’kmaq from the Potlo’tek First Nation of Unama'ki, Nova Scotia.
She is full professor in the Department of Educational Foundations at University of Saskatchewan, since 1993.
Jaime Koebel, a Métis youth advocate, seeks to enlarge the space and opportunities for the voices of youth as they build their leadership from within to make their impact on the future and on their collective.
In 1982, Section 35 of the Constitution of Canada provided the recognition of aboriginal and treaty rights, and also named three distinct aboriginal groups: First Nations, Métis and Inuit.The gap gets larger yet we do not have statistics that speak to that gap, rather the ones that further pathologize Aboriginal peoples.To understand why systemic discrimination continues requires that we understand how whiteness is complicit with and is the cornerstone foundation of Eurocentric systemic discrimination in Canada.Constitutional and systemic remedies can eliminate systemic discrimination.Our feature essay written by Patricia Monture offers an overview of the characteristics and the damages of systemic discrimination, how it is understood and tested in courts, as well as the limits of such tests in courts that miss the real context and effects of racism that affect the mental, emotional, as well as the spiritual and physical well-being of individuals and collectives.It operates through inaction, silence, neglect, and indifference to the aboriginal, human, and treaty rights, stifling the talents and opportunities of individuals while sustaining poverty and malaise and affecting diverse social, cultural, political, economic, spiritual, and physical outcomes among Aboriginal peoples.The federal Crown has crafted and generated this neglect and indifference for Canadians.Those rights are still evolving for the Métis; however, with the signing of a Métis Nation Protocol agreement, Clem Chartier and the Métis Nation see a glimmer of hope for their future work together with Canada.Inuit food security is intimately connected to the land, oceans, and global warming.My essay, Marie Battiste, offers how First Nations peoples education is a treaty right, different from other citizens of Canada, but needs since 1982 and the Constitutional affirmation of Aboriginal and treaty rights, the constitutional powers of the provincial/territorial and federal laws and policies must be reconciled with the constitutional rights of Aboriginal people.Intergenerational impacts of residential schools continue to reverberate among the descendents and relatives of those who attended those schools.